Sports injuries encompass a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders that injure the body when it is overextended and overused, often repetitively. A sports medicine doctor in NYC can treat a wide variety of joint and bone damage from stress fractures (tiny fractures in bones that have been used repetitively in a forceful manner) to AC shoulder joint separations. Examples of common injuries diagnosed by physicians specializing in sports medicine include:
Diagnosed frequently by your sports medicine doctor in Staten Island, Achilles tendonitis is an ankle injury provoked by landing hard on the feet after jumping, using the toes to raise the body and running up and down a court or field. Tendons may become irritated and inflamed from overuse, resulting in pain, redness and swelling of the ankle. Other reasons an athlete might suffer Achilles tendinitis include compromised muscles and reduced calf flexibility due to unsuitable footwear and extreme foot pronation. Because the Achilles tendon connects major calf muscles to the heel bone, stiff calf muscles may influence how much pressure is placed on the Achilles tendon.
Sometimes referred to as “fatigue fractures,” stress fractures involve both the ankle and the foot. Stress fractures usually affect the tibia in the distal shinbone or the base of the fifth metatarsal, one of the long bones constituting the foot. Stress fractures are caused by numerous and repetitive forces on the foot and ankle, occurring in weight-bearing sports such as basketball, soccer or football. Symptoms of stress fractures include pain, inflammation and swelling. Because this type of fracture involves bones that have not entirely been broken, x-rays may display negative results for a fracture. An MRI or bone scan interpreted by a sports medicine doctor in Jersey City is necessary to properly diagnose stress fractures.
Part of the shoulder joint complex, the AC joint is located at the lateral part of the clavicle that connects to a curved protuberance called the acromion, which is attached to the top of the scapula. This joint conjoining the clavicle and scapula is the acromioclavicular joint (AC joint). Three ligaments provide stability and flexibility to the joint, allowing you to raise your arms above your head.
An AC separation results from torn ligaments that may cause upward displacement of the clavicle. Severity of the injury varies, with minor sprains being the least serious, to complete tears of all ligaments, producing a disjoined clavicle that will need surgery. However, the majority of trainers usually don’t experience the worst type. Instead, your sports medicine doctor in Jersey City is likely to diagnose tears or slight displacement rather than a total AC separation.
Injury to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) involves ligaments in the back of the knee. The PCL is attached to the back of the tibia and femur and functions as a stabilizer. This ligament also determines the tibia’s movement in relation to the femur, referred to as the tibia’s posterior translation. When the tibia is pushed too far back, a PCL rupture may occur. Common causes of PCL include a direct, forceful blow to the knee or falling on the knee when it is bent. Symptoms of a ruptured PCL are stiffness, weakness and minor swelling of the knee, with instability being the most intense symptom.
For more information about sports injuries, or to talk to a sports medicine doctor in New York City, contact Regional Orthopedic today.